Images.imedge: grad, phase and orientation

Images.imedge function implementation calculates gradients as grad_y, grad_x = imgradients(img, kernelfun, border)

But right in the next line it passes grad_y, grad_x into the magnitude and orientation methods which have parameter list specifed as grad_x, grad_y

mag = magnitude(grad_y, grad_x)
orient = orientation(grad_y, grad_x)

While it’s not a problem for magnitude method which calcs Base.hypot but for orientation I believe it has direct impact because inside it there is a atan(grad_x, grad_y) is calculated

It this a bug or not?

More general question.

In orientation method specification it’s said

Calculate the orientation angle of the strongest edge from gradient images

phase method

Calculate the rotation angle of the gradient

What does exactly this mean? In geometry terms

As I understand we can calculate angle between ray ( unit vector from coordinate system center to the given point ) and positive ( negative? ) direction of either axis Y or X. Which axis is taken? Which has more absolute value? It’s not clear from code implementation