# How to Create a 3D-Transparent Cylinder with GLMakie or Plots if possible?

Hi all,

I created this sphere with GL Makie: using GLMakie

n = 20
θ = [0;(0.5:n-0.5)/n;1]
φ = [(0:2n-2)*2/(2n-1);2]
x = [cospi(φ)*sinpi(θ) for θ in θ, φ in φ]
y = [sinpi(φ)*sinpi(θ) for θ in θ, φ in φ]
z = [cospi(θ) for θ in θ, φ in φ]
surface(x, y, z)


I want to plot 3-D cylinder, like this Which equations of cylinder should I use? So I am able to plot it 3-dimensionally like the sphere above

you should have a look at cylindrical coordinates: Cylindrical coordinate system - Wikipedia

the section on coordinate system conversions should have the right formulas

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A cylinder of radius r, and height h, having z-axis as symmetry axis, is a stack of circles of radius r:

x= r*cos(u)
y=r*sin(u)
z=v


u \in [0, 2\pi], v \in [0, h]
Now you can plot it as any parameterized surface.

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I have been trying this code but fail to create a cylinder:

using GLMakie
GLMakie.activate!()
set_theme!(backgroundcolor = :white)

# A cylinder of radius r, and height h, having z-axis as symmetry axis
# it is a stack of circles of radius r

r = 5
h = 3
n = 50
θ = LinRange(0, 2pi, 100)
#θ = [0;(0.5:n-0.5)/n;2π]
v = [0;(1:n)/n;h]
x = [r*cos(θ) for θ in θ]
y = [r*sin(θ) for θ in θ]
z = [v for v in v]
surface(x, y, z)


Your code doesn’t generate a surface, because x, y, z are vectors, but for a parameterized surface they should be matrices:

using Plots
plotlyjs()

r = 5
h = 3
m, n =200, 150
u = range(0, 2pi, length=n)
v = range(0, h, length=m)

us = ones(m)*u'
vs = v*ones(n)'
#Surface parameterization
X = r*cos.(us)
Y = r*sin.(us)
Z = vs
Plots.surface(X, Y, Z, size=(600,600), cbar=:none, legend=false)


Now check typeof(X), typeof(Y), typeof(Z)

I see, it is a matrix now:

typeof(X)


Matrix{Float64} (alias for Array{Float64, 2})