Fast logsumexp

benchmark
#1

We recently held a competition among the students in a Julia course we are teaching. The goal of the competition was to profile and optimize a provided particle-filter simulation. After all the obvious things were taken care of, most of the time was spent calculating log(sum(exp(w))) of a weight vector w. Below are four attempts at this function. They all operate in place and all update both the weight vector w and the exponentiated weight vector we. The offset is to avoid numerical overflow/underflow. No matter how hard I tried, I couldn’t beat the library Yeppp. Not even my hand written SIMD loops (using either SIMD.jl or SIMDPirates.jl) operating on Float32 would beat Yeppp on Float64

My four implementations are below. No threading is used and I do not include an implementation using SLEEF as these could not beat Yeppp either. Can someone understand how Yeppp can be so outstanding in this example?

using Test
N = 1000;

function logsumexp!(w,we)
    offset = maximum(w)
    we .= exp.(w .- offset)
    s = sum(we)
    w .-= log(s) + offset
    we .*= 1/s
end

w = randn(Float64, N); we = similar(w);
logsumexp!(w,we);
@test sum(we) β‰ˆ 1
@test sum(exp.(w)) β‰ˆ 1

# ==================================================
using Yeppp
function logsumexp_yeppp!(w,we) 
    offset = maximum(w)
    eo     = exp(offset)
    w    .-= offset
    Yeppp.exp!(we,w)
    s      = sum(we)
    w    .-= (log(s) + 0*offset) # Offset not needed since we subtracted it above
    we   .*= 1/s
end

w = randn(Float64, N); we = similar(w);
logsumexp_yeppp!(w,we);
@test sum(we) β‰ˆ 1
@test sum(exp.(w)) β‰ˆ 1

# ==================================================
using SIMD
function logsumexp_simd!(w::Vector{T},we) where T
    offset = maximum(w)
    N      = length(w)
    s      = zero(T)
    @inbounds for i = 1:4:N
        l     = VecRange{4}(i)
        wel   = exp(w[l]-offset)
        we[l] = wel
        s    += sum(wel)
    end
    w .-= log(s) + offset
    we .*= 1/s
end

w = randn(Float64, N); we = similar(w);
logsumexp_simd!(w,we);
@test sum(we) β‰ˆ 1
@test sum(exp.(w)) β‰ˆ 1

# ==================================================
# ] add https://github.com/chriselrod/VectorizationBase.jl
# ] add https://github.com/chriselrod/SIMDPirates.jl
using SIMDPirates
function logsumexp_simdpirates!(w::Vector{T},we) where T
    offset = maximum(w)
    N      = length(w)
    sl     = SIMDPirates.Vec{4,T}((0.,0.,0.,0.))
    @inbounds @simd for i = 1:4:N
        wl = SIMDPirates.vload(SIMDPirates.Vec{4,T}, w, i)
        @pirate wel = exp(wl-offset)
        @pirate sl += wel
        SIMDPirates.vstore!(we,wel,i)
    end
    s    = vsum(sl)
    w  .-= log(s) + offset
    we .*= 1/s
end

w = randn(Float64, N); we = similar(w);
logsumexp_simdpirates!(w,we);
@test sum(we) β‰ˆ 1
@test sum(exp.(w)) β‰ˆ 1

# ==================================================
using BenchmarkTools
w = randn(Float64, N); we = similar(w);
@btime logsumexp!($w,$we);
@btime logsumexp_yeppp!($w,$we);
@btime logsumexp_simd!($w,$we);
@btime logsumexp_simdpirates!($w,$we);

w = randn(Float32, N); we = similar(w);
@btime logsumexp!($w,$we);
# @btime logsumexp_yeppp!($w,$we); # Yeppp dpes not handle Float32
@btime logsumexp_simd!($w,$we);
@btime logsumexp_simdpirates!($w,$we);

Benchmark results

julia> w = randn(Float64, N); we = similar(w);
julia> @btime logsumexp!($w,$we);
  15.947 ΞΌs (0 allocations: 0 bytes)
julia> @btime logsumexp_yeppp!($w,$we);
  4.580 ΞΌs (0 allocations: 0 bytes)
julia> @btime logsumexp_simd!($w,$we);
  21.399 ΞΌs (0 allocations: 0 bytes)
julia> @btime logsumexp_simdpirates!($w,$we);
  21.384 ΞΌs (0 allocations: 0 bytes)
julia> w = randn(Float32, N); we = similar(w);
julia> @btime logsumexp!($w,$we);
  12.603 ΞΌs (0 allocations: 0 bytes)
julia> @btime logsumexp_simd!($w,$we);
  8.965 ΞΌs (0 allocations: 0 bytes)
julia> @btime logsumexp_simdpirates!($w,$we);
  8.779 ΞΌs (0 allocations: 0 bytes)
7 Likes
#2

From what I can see, even though the llvm intrinsic @llvm.exp.v4f64 is output by SIMD.jl, in the end, LLVM still generates four separate calls:

julia> @code_native exp(a)
        .text
...
        vzeroupper
        callq   *%rdi  <---------------
        vmovapd %xmm0, %xmm7
        vpermilpd       $1, %xmm6, %xmm0 # xmm0 = xmm6[1,0]
        callq   *%rdi  <---------------
        vunpcklpd       %xmm0, %xmm7, %xmm7 # xmm7 = xmm7[0],xmm0[0]
        vmovaps 32(%rsp), %ymm0
        vzeroupper
        callq   *%rdi  <---------------
        vmovapd %xmm0, %xmm6
        vpermilpd       $1, 32(%rsp), %xmm0 # xmm0 = mem[1,0]
        callq   *%rdi    <---------------
     
...

while Yeppp have optimized versions that computes exp on a whole SIMD vector at once.

Unrelated, but cool to see a Julia course in Sweden!

2 Likes
#3

Haha, so much for my manual SIMD efforts :stuck_out_tongue: Thanks for the explanation, I would not have figured that out. Do you have a feeling for where the issue lies? Is it SIMD.jl, Julia or LLVM that is to blame? @Elrod, thanks for you efforts on SIMDPirates, do you perhaps have any insight into this?

As for the course, we gave it the first time back in 2015 during the v0.3/0.4 time, but many new PhD students who need to transition away from matlab have started since. Looking back at the course material, it’s nice to see how Julia has developed both in terms of performance and design.

#4

LLVM. GCC will vectorize log/exp/sin/etc with the appropriate optimization flags, but LLVM needs those in addition to -fveclib=SVML or some other vector library.


using SIMDPirates, SLEEFPirates, LoopVectorization
function logsumexp_simdpirates!(w::Vector{T},we) where T
    offset = maximum(w)
    N      = length(w)
    sl     = SIMDPirates.Vec{4,T}((0.,0.,0.,0.))
    @inbounds @simd for i = 1:4:N
        wl = SIMDPirates.vload(SIMDPirates.Vec{4,T}, w, i)
        @pirate wel = SLEEFPirates.exp(wl-offset)
        @pirate sl += wel
        SIMDPirates.vstore!(we,wel,i)
    end
    s    = vsum(sl)
    w  .-= log(s) + offset
    we .*= 1/s
end

function logsumexp_loopvectorization!(w::Vector{T},we) where T
    offset = maximum(w)
    N      = length(w)
    s = zero(T)
    @vectorize for i = 1:N
        wl = w[i]
        wel = exp(wl-offset)
        we[i] = wel
        s += wel
    end
    w  .-= log(s) + offset
    we .*= 1/s
end

function logsumexp_sleefpirates!(w::Vector{T},we) where T
    offset = maximum(w)
    N      = length(w)
    s = zero(T)
    @inbounds @simd for i = 1:N
        wl = w[i]
        wel = SLEEFPirates.exp(wl-offset)
        we[i] = wel
        s += wel
    end
    w  .-= log(s) + offset
    we .*= 1/s
end

A few results:

julia> @btime logsumexp!($w,$we);
  7.844 ΞΌs (0 allocations: 0 bytes)

julia> @btime logsumexp_yeppp!($w,$we);
  9.393 ΞΌs (0 allocations: 0 bytes)

julia> @btime logsumexp_simdpirates!($w,$we);
  2.576 ΞΌs (0 allocations: 0 bytes)

julia> @btime logsumexp_loopvectorization!($w,$we);
  1.825 ΞΌs (0 allocations: 0 bytes)

julia> @btime logsumexp_sleefpirates!($w,$we);
  1.705 ΞΌs (0 allocations: 0 bytes)

julia> @code_native logsumexp_sleefpirates!(w,we)
	.text
; β”Œ @ REPL[43]:2 within `logsumexp_sleefpirates!'
	pushq	%r15
	pushq	%r14
	pushq	%rbx
	subq	$224, %rsp
	movq	%rsi, 56(%rsp)
	movq	(%rsi), %r15
	movq	8(%rsi), %r14
; β”‚β”Œ @ reducedim.jl:652 within `maximum'
; β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ reducedim.jl:652 within `#maximum#562'
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ reducedim.jl:656 within `_maximum' @ reducedim.jl:657
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ reducedim.jl:307 within `mapreduce'
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ reducedim.jl:307 within `#mapreduce#555'
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ reducedim.jl:312 within `_mapreduce_dim'
	movabsq	$"size;", %rax
	movq	%r15, %rdi
	callq	*%rax
; β”‚β””β””β””β””β””β””
; β”‚ @ REPL[43]:3 within `logsumexp_sleefpirates!'
; β”‚β”Œ @ array.jl:200 within `length'
	movq	8(%r15), %rax
; β”‚β””
; β”‚ @ REPL[43]:5 within `logsumexp_sleefpirates!'
; β”‚β”Œ @ simdloop.jl:69 within `macro expansion'
; β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ range.jl:5 within `Colon'
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ range.jl:275 within `Type'
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ range.jl:280 within `unitrange_last'
	movq	%rax, %rcx
	sarq	$63, %rcx
	andnq	%rax, %rcx, %r8
; β”‚β””β””β””β””
; β”‚β”Œ @ checked.jl:194 within `macro expansion'
	leaq	-1(%r8), %rsi
; β”‚β””
; β”‚β”Œ @ simdloop.jl:71 within `macro expansion'
; β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ simdloop.jl:51 within `simd_inner_length'
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ range.jl:541 within `length'
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ checked.jl:165 within `checked_add'
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ checked.jl:132 within `add_with_overflow'
	movq	%rsi, %r9
	incq	%r9
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β””
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚ @ checked.jl:166 within `checked_add'
	jo	L2278
; β”‚β””β””β””β””
; β”‚β”Œ @ int.jl:49 within `macro expansion'
	testq	%r9, %r9
	vmovapd	%xmm0, 32(%rsp)
; β””β””
; β”Œ @ simdloop.jl:72 within `logsumexp_sleefpirates!'
	jle	L107
	movq	(%r15), %rcx
	movq	(%r14), %rdx
	vxorpd	%xmm19, %xmm19, %xmm19
; β”‚ @ simdloop.jl:75 within `logsumexp_sleefpirates!'
	cmpq	$32, %r8
	jae	L118
	xorl	%esi, %esi
	jmp	L1345
L107:
	vxorpd	%xmm19, %xmm19, %xmm19
	jmp	L1757
; β”‚ @ simdloop.jl:75 within `logsumexp_sleefpirates!'
L118:
	leaq	(%rcx,%r8,8), %rsi
	cmpq	%rsi, %rdx
	jae	L143
	leaq	(%rdx,%r8,8), %rsi
; β”‚ @ simdloop.jl:75 within `logsumexp_sleefpirates!'
	cmpq	%rsi, %rcx
	jae	L143
	xorl	%esi, %esi
	jmp	L1345
; β”‚ @ simdloop.jl:75 within `logsumexp_sleefpirates!'
L143:
	movabsq	$9223372036854775776, %rsi # imm = 0x7FFFFFFFFFFFFFE0
	andq	%r8, %rsi
	vbroadcastsd	%xmm0, %zmm0
	vmovupd	%zmm0, 64(%rsp)
	vxorpd	%xmm0, %xmm0, %xmm0
	xorl	%edi, %edi
	movabsq	$139756740332128, %rbx  # imm = 0x7F1BA6DCCA60
	vbroadcastsd	(%rbx), %zmm1
	vmovups	%zmm1, 128(%rsp)
	movabsq	$139756740332136, %rbx  # imm = 0x7F1BA6DCCA68
	vbroadcastsd	(%rbx), %zmm3
	movabsq	$139756740332144, %rbx  # imm = 0x7F1BA6DCCA70
	vbroadcastsd	(%rbx), %zmm4
	movabsq	$139756740332152, %rbx  # imm = 0x7F1BA6DCCA78
	vbroadcastsd	(%rbx), %zmm1
	movabsq	$139756740332160, %rbx  # imm = 0x7F1BA6DCCA80
	vbroadcastsd	(%rbx), %zmm6
	movabsq	$139756740332168, %rbx  # imm = 0x7F1BA6DCCA88
	vbroadcastsd	(%rbx), %zmm7
	movabsq	$139756740332176, %rbx  # imm = 0x7F1BA6DCCA90
	vbroadcastsd	(%rbx), %zmm8
	movabsq	$139756740332184, %rbx  # imm = 0x7F1BA6DCCA98
	vbroadcastsd	(%rbx), %zmm9
	movabsq	$139756740332192, %rbx  # imm = 0x7F1BA6DCCAA0
	vbroadcastsd	(%rbx), %zmm10
	movabsq	$139756740332200, %rbx  # imm = 0x7F1BA6DCCAA8
	vbroadcastsd	(%rbx), %zmm11
	movabsq	$139756740332208, %rbx  # imm = 0x7F1BA6DCCAB0
	vbroadcastsd	(%rbx), %zmm12
	movabsq	$139756740332216, %rbx  # imm = 0x7F1BA6DCCAB8
	vbroadcastsd	(%rbx), %zmm13
	movabsq	$139756740332224, %rbx  # imm = 0x7F1BA6DCCAC0
	vbroadcastsd	(%rbx), %zmm14
	movabsq	$139756740332232, %rbx  # imm = 0x7F1BA6DCCAC8
	vbroadcastsd	(%rbx), %zmm15
	movabsq	$139756740332240, %rbx  # imm = 0x7F1BA6DCCAD0
	vbroadcastsd	(%rbx), %zmm16
	vpbroadcastq	(%rbx), %zmm17
	vxorpd	%xmm18, %xmm18, %xmm18
	vxorpd	%xmm19, %xmm19, %xmm19
	vxorpd	%xmm20, %xmm20, %xmm20
; β””
; β”Œ @ REPL[43]:5 within `logsumexp_sleefpirates!'
; β”‚β”Œ @ simdloop.jl:77 within `macro expansion' @ REPL[43]:6
; β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ array.jl:728 within `getindex'
L448:
	vmovupd	(%rcx,%rdi,8), %zmm5
	vmovupd	64(%rcx,%rdi,8), %zmm21
	vmovupd	128(%rcx,%rdi,8), %zmm22
	vmovupd	192(%rcx,%rdi,8), %zmm23
	vmovupd	64(%rsp), %zmm2
; β”‚β”‚β””
; β”‚β”‚ @ simdloop.jl:77 within `macro expansion' @ float.jl:397
	vsubpd	%zmm2, %zmm5, %zmm5
	vsubpd	%zmm2, %zmm21, %zmm29
	vsubpd	%zmm2, %zmm22, %zmm30
	vsubpd	%zmm2, %zmm23, %zmm31
	vmovupd	128(%rsp), %zmm2
; β”‚β”‚ @ simdloop.jl:77 within `macro expansion' @ REPL[43]:7
; β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ exp.jl:181 within `exp'
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ float.jl:399 within `*'
	vmulpd	%zmm2, %zmm5, %zmm21
	vmulpd	%zmm2, %zmm29, %zmm22
	vmulpd	%zmm2, %zmm30, %zmm23
	vmulpd	%zmm2, %zmm31, %zmm24
; β”‚β”‚β””β””
; β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ float.jl:370 within `exp'
	vrndscalepd	$4, %zmm21, %zmm25
	vrndscalepd	$4, %zmm22, %zmm26
	vrndscalepd	$4, %zmm23, %zmm27
	vrndscalepd	$4, %zmm24, %zmm28
; β”‚β”‚β””
; β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ exp.jl:183 within `exp'
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ float.jl:304 within `unsafe_trunc'
	vcvttpd2qq	%zmm25, %zmm21
	vcvttpd2qq	%zmm26, %zmm22
	vcvttpd2qq	%zmm27, %zmm23
	vcvttpd2qq	%zmm28, %zmm24
; β”‚β”‚β””β””
; β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ float.jl:404 within `exp'
	vfnmadd231pd	%zmm3, %zmm25, %zmm5
	vfnmadd231pd	%zmm3, %zmm26, %zmm29
	vfnmadd231pd	%zmm3, %zmm27, %zmm30
	vfnmadd231pd	%zmm3, %zmm28, %zmm31
; β”‚β”‚β””
; β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ exp.jl:186 within `exp'
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ float.jl:404 within `muladd'
	vfnmadd213pd	%zmm5, %zmm4, %zmm25
	vfnmadd213pd	%zmm29, %zmm4, %zmm26
	vfnmadd213pd	%zmm30, %zmm4, %zmm27
	vfnmadd213pd	%zmm31, %zmm4, %zmm28
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β””
; β”‚β”‚β”‚ @ exp.jl:188 within `exp'
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ exp.jl:161 within `exp_kernel'
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ math.jl:101 within `macro expansion'
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ float.jl:404 within `muladd'
	vmovapd	%zmm1, %zmm29
	vfmadd213pd	%zmm6, %zmm25, %zmm29
	vmovapd	%zmm1, %zmm30
	vfmadd213pd	%zmm6, %zmm26, %zmm30
	vmovapd	%zmm1, %zmm31
	vfmadd213pd	%zmm6, %zmm27, %zmm31
	vmovapd	%zmm1, %zmm5
	vfmadd213pd	%zmm6, %zmm28, %zmm5
	vfmadd213pd	%zmm7, %zmm25, %zmm29
	vfmadd213pd	%zmm7, %zmm26, %zmm30
	vfmadd213pd	%zmm7, %zmm27, %zmm31
	vfmadd213pd	%zmm7, %zmm28, %zmm5
	vfmadd213pd	%zmm8, %zmm25, %zmm29
	vfmadd213pd	%zmm8, %zmm26, %zmm30
	vfmadd213pd	%zmm8, %zmm27, %zmm31
	vfmadd213pd	%zmm8, %zmm28, %zmm5
	vfmadd213pd	%zmm9, %zmm25, %zmm29
	vfmadd213pd	%zmm9, %zmm26, %zmm30
	vfmadd213pd	%zmm9, %zmm27, %zmm31
	vfmadd213pd	%zmm9, %zmm28, %zmm5
	vfmadd213pd	%zmm10, %zmm25, %zmm29
	vfmadd213pd	%zmm10, %zmm26, %zmm30
	vfmadd213pd	%zmm10, %zmm27, %zmm31
	vfmadd213pd	%zmm10, %zmm28, %zmm5
	vfmadd213pd	%zmm11, %zmm25, %zmm29
	vfmadd213pd	%zmm11, %zmm26, %zmm30
	vfmadd213pd	%zmm11, %zmm27, %zmm31
	vfmadd213pd	%zmm11, %zmm28, %zmm5
	vfmadd213pd	%zmm12, %zmm25, %zmm29
	vfmadd213pd	%zmm12, %zmm26, %zmm30
	vfmadd213pd	%zmm12, %zmm27, %zmm31
	vfmadd213pd	%zmm12, %zmm28, %zmm5
	vfmadd213pd	%zmm13, %zmm25, %zmm29
	vfmadd213pd	%zmm13, %zmm26, %zmm30
	vfmadd213pd	%zmm13, %zmm27, %zmm31
	vfmadd213pd	%zmm13, %zmm28, %zmm5
	vfmadd213pd	%zmm14, %zmm25, %zmm29
	vfmadd213pd	%zmm14, %zmm26, %zmm30
	vfmadd213pd	%zmm14, %zmm27, %zmm31
	vfmadd213pd	%zmm14, %zmm28, %zmm5
	vfmadd213pd	%zmm15, %zmm25, %zmm29
	vfmadd213pd	%zmm15, %zmm26, %zmm30
	vfmadd213pd	%zmm15, %zmm27, %zmm31
	vfmadd213pd	%zmm15, %zmm28, %zmm5
; β”‚β”‚β””β””β””β””
; β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ float.jl:399 within `exp'
	vmulpd	%zmm25, %zmm25, %zmm2
	vmulpd	%zmm29, %zmm2, %zmm2
	vmulpd	%zmm26, %zmm26, %zmm29
	vmulpd	%zmm30, %zmm29, %zmm29
	vmulpd	%zmm27, %zmm27, %zmm30
	vmulpd	%zmm31, %zmm30, %zmm30
	vmulpd	%zmm28, %zmm28, %zmm31
	vmulpd	%zmm5, %zmm31, %zmm5
; β”‚β”‚β””
; β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ exp.jl:189 within `exp'
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ operators.jl:529 within `+' @ float.jl:395
	vaddpd	%zmm2, %zmm25, %zmm2
	vaddpd	%zmm29, %zmm26, %zmm25
	vaddpd	%zmm30, %zmm27, %zmm26
	vaddpd	%zmm5, %zmm28, %zmm5
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β””
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ float.jl:395 within `+'
	vaddpd	%zmm16, %zmm2, %zmm2
	vaddpd	%zmm16, %zmm25, %zmm25
	vaddpd	%zmm16, %zmm26, %zmm26
	vaddpd	%zmm16, %zmm5, %zmm5
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β””
; β”‚β”‚β”‚ @ exp.jl:190 within `exp'
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ priv.jl:51 within `ldexp2k'
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ int.jl:444 within `>>' @ int.jl:437
	vpsraq	$1, %zmm21, %zmm27
	vpsraq	$1, %zmm22, %zmm28
	vpsraq	$1, %zmm23, %zmm29
	vpsraq	$1, %zmm24, %zmm30
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β””
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚ @ priv.jl:52 within `ldexp2k'
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ utils.jl:51 within `pow2i'
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ utils.jl:20 within `integer2float'
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ int.jl:446 within `<<' @ int.jl:439
	vpsllq	$52, %zmm27, %zmm31
	vpaddq	%zmm17, %zmm31, %zmm31
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β””β””β””β””
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ float.jl:399 within `ldexp2k'
	vmulpd	%zmm31, %zmm2, %zmm2
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β””
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ priv.jl:52 within `ldexp2k'
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ utils.jl:51 within `pow2i'
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ utils.jl:20 within `integer2float'
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ int.jl:446 within `<<' @ int.jl:439
	vpsllq	$52, %zmm28, %zmm31
	vpaddq	%zmm17, %zmm31, %zmm31
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β””β””β””
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ floating_point_arithmetic.jl:62 within `evmul'
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ float.jl:399 within `*'
	vmulpd	%zmm31, %zmm25, %zmm25
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β””β””
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ utils.jl:51 within `pow2i'
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ utils.jl:20 within `integer2float'
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ int.jl:446 within `<<' @ int.jl:439
	vpsllq	$52, %zmm29, %zmm31
	vpaddq	%zmm17, %zmm31, %zmm31
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β””β””β””
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ floating_point_arithmetic.jl:62 within `evmul'
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ float.jl:399 within `*'
	vmulpd	%zmm31, %zmm26, %zmm26
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β””β””
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ utils.jl:51 within `pow2i'
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ utils.jl:20 within `integer2float'
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ int.jl:446 within `<<' @ int.jl:439
	vpsllq	$52, %zmm30, %zmm31
	vpaddq	%zmm17, %zmm31, %zmm31
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β””β””β””
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ floating_point_arithmetic.jl:62 within `evmul'
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ float.jl:399 within `*'
	vmulpd	%zmm31, %zmm5, %zmm5
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β””β””
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ int.jl:52 within `-'
	vpsubq	%zmm27, %zmm21, %zmm21
	vpsubq	%zmm28, %zmm22, %zmm22
	vpsubq	%zmm29, %zmm23, %zmm23
	vpsubq	%zmm30, %zmm24, %zmm24
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β””β””
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ int.jl:439 within `ldexp2k'
	vpsllq	$52, %zmm21, %zmm21
	vpaddq	%zmm17, %zmm21, %zmm21
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β””
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ priv.jl:52 within `ldexp2k'
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ floating_point_arithmetic.jl:62 within `evmul'
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ float.jl:399 within `*'
	vmulpd	%zmm21, %zmm2, %zmm2
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β””β””
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ utils.jl:51 within `pow2i'
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ utils.jl:20 within `integer2float'
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ int.jl:446 within `<<' @ int.jl:439
	vpsllq	$52, %zmm22, %zmm21
	vpaddq	%zmm17, %zmm21, %zmm21
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β””β””β””
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ floating_point_arithmetic.jl:62 within `evmul'
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ float.jl:399 within `*'
	vmulpd	%zmm21, %zmm25, %zmm21
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β””β””
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ utils.jl:51 within `pow2i'
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ utils.jl:20 within `integer2float'
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ int.jl:446 within `<<' @ int.jl:439
	vpsllq	$52, %zmm23, %zmm22
	vpaddq	%zmm17, %zmm22, %zmm22
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β””β””β””
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ floating_point_arithmetic.jl:62 within `evmul'
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ float.jl:399 within `*'
	vmulpd	%zmm22, %zmm26, %zmm22
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β””β””
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ utils.jl:51 within `pow2i'
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ utils.jl:20 within `integer2float'
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ int.jl:446 within `<<' @ int.jl:439
	vpsllq	$52, %zmm24, %zmm23
	vpaddq	%zmm17, %zmm23, %zmm23
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β””β””β””
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ floating_point_arithmetic.jl:62 within `evmul'
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ float.jl:399 within `*'
	vmulpd	%zmm23, %zmm5, %zmm5
; β”‚β”‚β””β””β””β””
; β”‚β”‚ @ simdloop.jl:77 within `macro expansion' @ array.jl:766
	vmovupd	%zmm2, (%rdx,%rdi,8)
; β”‚β”‚ @ simdloop.jl:77 within `macro expansion' @ REPL[43]:9
; β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ float.jl:395 within `+'
	vaddpd	%zmm2, %zmm0, %zmm0
; β”‚β”‚β””
; β”‚β”‚ @ simdloop.jl:77 within `macro expansion' @ REPL[43]:8
; β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ array.jl:766 within `setindex!'
	vmovupd	%zmm21, 64(%rdx,%rdi,8)
; β”‚β”‚β””
; β”‚β”‚ @ simdloop.jl:77 within `macro expansion' @ REPL[43]:9
; β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ float.jl:395 within `+'
	vaddpd	%zmm21, %zmm18, %zmm18
; β”‚β”‚β””
; β”‚β”‚ @ simdloop.jl:77 within `macro expansion' @ REPL[43]:8
; β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ array.jl:766 within `setindex!'
	vmovupd	%zmm22, 128(%rdx,%rdi,8)
; β”‚β”‚β””
; β”‚β”‚ @ simdloop.jl:77 within `macro expansion' @ REPL[43]:9
; β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ float.jl:395 within `+'
	vaddpd	%zmm22, %zmm19, %zmm19
; β”‚β”‚β””
; β”‚β”‚ @ simdloop.jl:77 within `macro expansion' @ REPL[43]:8
; β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ array.jl:766 within `setindex!'
	vmovupd	%zmm5, 192(%rdx,%rdi,8)
; β”‚β”‚β””
; β”‚β”‚ @ simdloop.jl:77 within `macro expansion' @ REPL[43]:9
; β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ float.jl:395 within `+'
	vaddpd	%zmm5, %zmm20, %zmm20
; β”‚β””β””
; β”‚β”Œ @ int.jl:53 within `macro expansion'
	addq	$32, %rdi
	cmpq	%rdi, %rsi
	jne	L448
; β”‚β””
; β”‚β”Œ @ simdloop.jl:77 within `macro expansion' @ REPL[43]:9
; β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ float.jl:395 within `+'
	vaddpd	%zmm0, %zmm18, %zmm0
	vaddpd	%zmm0, %zmm19, %zmm0
	vaddpd	%zmm0, %zmm20, %zmm0
	vextractf64x4	$1, %zmm0, %ymm1
	vaddpd	%zmm1, %zmm0, %zmm0
	vextractf128	$1, %ymm0, %xmm1
	vaddpd	%zmm1, %zmm0, %zmm0
	vpermilpd	$1, %xmm0, %xmm1 # xmm1 = xmm0[1,0]
	vaddpd	%zmm1, %zmm0, %zmm19
	cmpq	%rsi, %r8
	vmovapd	32(%rsp), %xmm0
; β””β””β””
; β”Œ @ simdloop.jl:75 within `logsumexp_sleefpirates!'
	je	L1757
L1345:
	movabsq	$4607182418800017408, %rdi # imm = 0x3FF0000000000000
	movabsq	$139756740332128, %rbx  # imm = 0x7F1BA6DCCA60
	vmovsd	(%rbx), %xmm8           # xmm8 = mem[0],zero
	movabsq	$139756740332248, %rbx  # imm = 0x7F1BA6DCCAD8
	vmovsd	(%rbx), %xmm9           # xmm9 = mem[0],zero
	movabsq	$139756740332256, %rbx  # imm = 0x7F1BA6DCCAE0
	vmovsd	(%rbx), %xmm10          # xmm10 = mem[0],zero
	movabsq	$139756740332152, %rbx  # imm = 0x7F1BA6DCCA78
	vmovsd	(%rbx), %xmm11          # xmm11 = mem[0],zero
	movabsq	$139756740332160, %rbx  # imm = 0x7F1BA6DCCA80
	vmovsd	(%rbx), %xmm12          # xmm12 = mem[0],zero
	movabsq	$139756740332168, %rbx  # imm = 0x7F1BA6DCCA88
	vmovsd	(%rbx), %xmm13          # xmm13 = mem[0],zero
	movabsq	$139756740332176, %rbx  # imm = 0x7F1BA6DCCA90
	vmovsd	(%rbx), %xmm14          # xmm14 = mem[0],zero
	movabsq	$139756740332184, %rbx  # imm = 0x7F1BA6DCCA98
	vmovsd	(%rbx), %xmm15          # xmm15 = mem[0],zero
	movabsq	$139756740332192, %rbx  # imm = 0x7F1BA6DCCAA0
	vmovsd	(%rbx), %xmm16          # xmm16 = mem[0],zero
	movabsq	$139756740332200, %rbx  # imm = 0x7F1BA6DCCAA8
	vmovsd	(%rbx), %xmm17          # xmm17 = mem[0],zero
	movabsq	$139756740332208, %rbx  # imm = 0x7F1BA6DCCAB0
	vmovsd	(%rbx), %xmm18          # xmm18 = mem[0],zero
	movabsq	$139756740332216, %rbx  # imm = 0x7F1BA6DCCAB8
	vmovsd	(%rbx), %xmm3           # xmm3 = mem[0],zero
	movabsq	$139756740332224, %rbx  # imm = 0x7F1BA6DCCAC0
	vmovsd	(%rbx), %xmm4           # xmm4 = mem[0],zero
	movabsq	$139756740332232, %rbx  # imm = 0x7F1BA6DCCAC8
	vmovsd	(%rbx), %xmm5           # xmm5 = mem[0],zero
	movabsq	$139756740332240, %rbx  # imm = 0x7F1BA6DCCAD0
	vmovsd	(%rbx), %xmm6           # xmm6 = mem[0],zero
	nopw	%cs:(%rax,%rax)
; β””
; β”Œ @ REPL[43]:5 within `logsumexp_sleefpirates!'
; β”‚β”Œ @ simdloop.jl:77 within `macro expansion' @ REPL[43]:6
; β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ array.jl:728 within `getindex'
L1584:
	vmovsd	(%rcx,%rsi,8), %xmm7    # xmm7 = mem[0],zero
; β”‚β”‚β””
; β”‚β”‚ @ simdloop.jl:77 within `macro expansion' @ float.jl:397
	vsubsd	%xmm0, %xmm7, %xmm7
; β”‚β”‚ @ simdloop.jl:77 within `macro expansion' @ REPL[43]:7
; β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ exp.jl:181 within `exp'
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ float.jl:399 within `*'
	vmulsd	%xmm8, %xmm7, %xmm1
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β””
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ floatfuncs.jl:129 within `round' @ float.jl:370
	vrndscalesd	$4, %xmm1, %xmm1, %xmm1
; β”‚β”‚β””β””
; β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ float.jl:304 within `exp'
	vcvttsd2si	%xmm1, %rax
; β”‚β”‚β””
; β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ exp.jl:185 within `exp'
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ float.jl:404 within `muladd'
	vfmadd231sd	%xmm9, %xmm1, %xmm7
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β””
; β”‚β”‚β”‚ @ exp.jl:186 within `exp'
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ float.jl:404 within `muladd'
	vfmadd231sd	%xmm10, %xmm1, %xmm7
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β””
; β”‚β”‚β”‚ @ exp.jl:188 within `exp'
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ exp.jl:161 within `exp_kernel'
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ math.jl:101 within `macro expansion'
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ float.jl:404 within `muladd'
	vmovapd	%xmm11, %xmm2
	vfmadd213sd	%xmm12, %xmm7, %xmm2
	vfmadd213sd	%xmm13, %xmm7, %xmm2
	vfmadd213sd	%xmm14, %xmm7, %xmm2
	vfmadd213sd	%xmm15, %xmm7, %xmm2
	vfmadd213sd	%xmm16, %xmm7, %xmm2
	vfmadd213sd	%xmm17, %xmm7, %xmm2
	vfmadd213sd	%xmm18, %xmm7, %xmm2
	vfmadd213sd	%xmm3, %xmm7, %xmm2
	vfmadd213sd	%xmm4, %xmm7, %xmm2
	vfmadd213sd	%xmm5, %xmm7, %xmm2
; β”‚β”‚β””β””β””β””
; β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ float.jl:399 within `exp'
	vmulsd	%xmm7, %xmm7, %xmm1
	vmulsd	%xmm2, %xmm1, %xmm1
; β”‚β”‚β””
; β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ exp.jl:189 within `exp'
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ operators.jl:529 within `+' @ float.jl:395
	vaddsd	%xmm1, %xmm7, %xmm1
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β””
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ float.jl:395 within `+'
	vaddsd	%xmm6, %xmm1, %xmm2
; β”‚β”‚β””β””
; β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ int.jl:437 within `exp'
	movq	%rax, %rbx
	sarq	%rbx
; β”‚β”‚β””
; β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ exp.jl:190 within `exp'
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ int.jl:52 within `ldexp2k'
	subl	%ebx, %eax
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β””
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ priv.jl:52 within `ldexp2k'
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ utils.jl:51 within `pow2i'
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ utils.jl:20 within `integer2float'
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ int.jl:446 within `<<' @ int.jl:439
	shlq	$52, %rbx
	addq	%rdi, %rbx
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β””β””
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ essentials.jl:417 within `integer2float'
	vmovq	%rbx, %xmm1
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β””β””
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ floating_point_arithmetic.jl:62 within `evmul'
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ float.jl:399 within `*'
	vmulsd	%xmm1, %xmm2, %xmm2
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β””β””
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ utils.jl:51 within `pow2i'
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ utils.jl:20 within `integer2float'
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ int.jl:446 within `<<' @ int.jl:439
	shlq	$52, %rax
	addq	%rdi, %rax
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β””
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ essentials.jl:417 within `reinterpret'
	vmovq	%rax, %xmm1
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β””β””β””
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ floating_point_arithmetic.jl:62 within `evmul'
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ float.jl:399 within `*'
	vmulsd	%xmm1, %xmm2, %xmm1
; β”‚β”‚β””β””β””β””
; β”‚β”‚ @ simdloop.jl:77 within `macro expansion' @ REPL[43]:8
; β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ array.jl:766 within `setindex!'
	vmovsd	%xmm1, (%rdx,%rsi,8)
; β”‚β”‚β””
; β”‚β”‚ @ simdloop.jl:77 within `macro expansion' @ float.jl:395
	vaddsd	%xmm1, %xmm19, %xmm19
; β”‚β”‚ @ simdloop.jl:78 within `macro expansion'
; β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ int.jl:53 within `+'
	addq	$1, %rsi
; β”‚β”‚β””
; β”‚β”‚ @ simdloop.jl:75 within `macro expansion'
; β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ int.jl:49 within `<'
	cmpq	%r9, %rsi
; β”‚β”‚β””
	jb	L1584
; β”‚β””
; β”‚ @ REPL[43]:11 within `logsumexp_sleefpirates!'
L1757:
	movabsq	$"<;", %rax
	vmovupd	%zmm19, 64(%rsp)
	vmovapd	%xmm19, %xmm0
	vzeroupper
	callq	*%rax
; β”‚β”Œ @ broadcast.jl:801 within `materialize!'
; β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ abstractarray.jl:75 within `axes'
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ array.jl:155 within `size'
	movq	24(%r15), %rdx
; β”‚β”‚β””β””
; β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ promotion.jl:414 within `axes'
	testq	%rdx, %rdx
; β”‚β”‚β””
; β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ broadcast.jl:842 within `copyto!' @ broadcast.jl:887
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ simdloop.jl:72 within `macro expansion'
	jle	L2039
; β””β””β””β””
; β”Œ @ simdloop.jl within `logsumexp_sleefpirates!'
	movq	%rdx, %rax
	sarq	$63, %rax
	andnq	%rdx, %rax, %rax
; β””
; β”Œ @ REPL[43]:11 within `logsumexp_sleefpirates!'
; β”‚β”Œ @ float.jl:395 within `+'
	vaddsd	32(%rsp), %xmm0, %xmm0
	movq	(%r15), %rcx
; β”‚β””
; β”‚β”Œ @ broadcast.jl:801 within `materialize!'
; β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ broadcast.jl:842 within `copyto!' @ broadcast.jl:886
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ broadcast.jl:869 within `preprocess'
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ broadcast.jl:872 within `preprocess_args'
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ broadcast.jl:870 within `preprocess'
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ broadcast.jl:592 within `extrude'
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ broadcast.jl:547 within `newindexer'
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ broadcast.jl:548 within `shapeindexer'
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ broadcast.jl:553 within `_newindexer'
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ operators.jl:193 within `!='
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ promotion.jl:403 within `=='
	cmpq	$1, %rdx
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β””β””β””β””β””β””β””β””β””
; β”‚β”‚β”‚ @ broadcast.jl:842 within `copyto!' @ broadcast.jl:887
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ simdloop.jl:75 within `macro expansion'
	jne	L1867
	xorl	%edx, %edx
	nopw	%cs:(%rax,%rax)
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚ @ simdloop.jl:77 within `macro expansion' @ broadcast.jl:888
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ broadcast.jl:558 within `getindex'
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ broadcast.jl:597 within `_broadcast_getindex'
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ broadcast.jl:621 within `_getindex'
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ broadcast.jl:591 within `_broadcast_getindex'
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ array.jl:728 within `getindex'
L1840:
	vmovsd	(%rcx), %xmm1           # xmm1 = mem[0],zero
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β””β””β””
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚ @ broadcast.jl:598 within `_broadcast_getindex'
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ broadcast.jl:625 within `_broadcast_getindex_evalf'
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ float.jl:397 within `-'
	vsubsd	%xmm0, %xmm1, %xmm1
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β””β””β””β””
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ array.jl:766 within `setindex!'
	vmovsd	%xmm1, (%rcx,%rdx,8)
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β””β””
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ int.jl:53 within `macro expansion'
	addq	$1, %rdx
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β””
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ simdloop.jl:75 within `macro expansion'
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ int.jl:49 within `<'
	cmpq	%rax, %rdx
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β””
	jb	L1840
	jmp	L2039
L1867:
	cmpq	$32, %rax
	jae	L1880
	xorl	%edx, %edx
	jmp	L2016
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚ @ simdloop.jl:75 within `macro expansion'
L1880:
	movabsq	$9223372036854775776, %rdx # imm = 0x7FFFFFFFFFFFFFE0
	andq	%rax, %rdx
	vbroadcastsd	%xmm0, %zmm1
	leaq	192(%rcx), %rsi
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚ @ simdloop.jl:78 within `macro expansion'
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ int.jl:53 within `+'
	movq	%rdx, %rdi
	nopw	%cs:(%rax,%rax)
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β””
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚ @ simdloop.jl:77 within `macro expansion' @ broadcast.jl:888
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ broadcast.jl:558 within `getindex'
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ broadcast.jl:597 within `_broadcast_getindex'
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ broadcast.jl:621 within `_getindex'
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ broadcast.jl:591 within `_broadcast_getindex'
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ array.jl:728 within `getindex'
L1920:
	vmovupd	-192(%rsi), %zmm2
	vmovupd	-128(%rsi), %zmm3
	vmovupd	-64(%rsi), %zmm4
	vmovupd	(%rsi), %zmm5
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β””β””β””
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚ @ broadcast.jl:598 within `_broadcast_getindex'
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ broadcast.jl:625 within `_broadcast_getindex_evalf'
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ float.jl:397 within `-'
	vsubpd	%zmm1, %zmm2, %zmm2
	vsubpd	%zmm1, %zmm3, %zmm3
	vsubpd	%zmm1, %zmm4, %zmm4
	vsubpd	%zmm1, %zmm5, %zmm5
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β””β””β””β””
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚ @ simdloop.jl:77 within `macro expansion' @ array.jl:766
	vmovupd	%zmm2, -192(%rsi)
	vmovupd	%zmm3, -128(%rsi)
	vmovupd	%zmm4, -64(%rsi)
	vmovupd	%zmm5, (%rsi)
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚ @ simdloop.jl:78 within `macro expansion'
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ int.jl:53 within `+'
	addq	$256, %rsi              # imm = 0x100
	addq	$-32, %rdi
	jne	L1920
; β””β””β””β””β””
; β”Œ @ int.jl within `logsumexp_sleefpirates!'
	cmpq	%rdx, %rax
; β””
; β”Œ @ simdloop.jl:75 within `logsumexp_sleefpirates!'
	je	L2039
; β””
; β”Œ @ REPL[43]:11 within `logsumexp_sleefpirates!'
; β”‚β”Œ @ broadcast.jl:801 within `materialize!'
; β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ broadcast.jl:842 within `copyto!' @ broadcast.jl:887
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ simdloop.jl:77 within `macro expansion' @ broadcast.jl:888
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ broadcast.jl:558 within `getindex'
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ broadcast.jl:597 within `_broadcast_getindex'
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ broadcast.jl:621 within `_getindex'
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ broadcast.jl:591 within `_broadcast_getindex'
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ array.jl:728 within `getindex'
L2016:
	vmovsd	(%rcx,%rdx,8), %xmm1    # xmm1 = mem[0],zero
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β””β””β””β””
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ float.jl:397 within `_broadcast_getindex'
	vsubsd	%xmm0, %xmm1, %xmm1
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β””β””
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ array.jl:766 within `setindex!'
	vmovsd	%xmm1, (%rcx,%rdx,8)
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β””
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚ @ simdloop.jl:78 within `macro expansion'
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ int.jl:53 within `+'
	addq	$1, %rdx
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β””
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚ @ simdloop.jl:75 within `macro expansion'
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ int.jl:49 within `<'
	cmpq	%rax, %rdx
	jb	L2016
; β”‚β””β””β””β””
; β”‚ @ REPL[43]:12 within `logsumexp_sleefpirates!'
; β”‚β”Œ @ broadcast.jl:801 within `materialize!'
; β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ abstractarray.jl:75 within `axes'
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ array.jl:155 within `size'
L2039:
	movq	24(%r14), %rdx
; β”‚β”‚β””β””
; β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ promotion.jl:414 within `axes'
	testq	%rdx, %rdx
; β”‚β”‚β””
; β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ broadcast.jl:842 within `copyto!' @ broadcast.jl:887
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ simdloop.jl:72 within `macro expansion'
	jle	L2259
; β””β””β””β””
; β”Œ @ simdloop.jl within `logsumexp_sleefpirates!'
	movq	%rdx, %rax
	sarq	$63, %rax
	andnq	%rdx, %rax, %rax
	movabsq	$139756740332240, %rcx  # imm = 0x7F1BA6DCCAD0
; β””
; β”Œ @ REPL[43]:12 within `logsumexp_sleefpirates!'
; β”‚β”Œ @ promotion.jl:316 within `/' @ float.jl:401
	vmovsd	(%rcx), %xmm0           # xmm0 = mem[0],zero
	vdivsd	64(%rsp), %xmm0, %xmm0
	movq	(%r14), %rcx
; β”‚β””
; β”‚β”Œ @ broadcast.jl:801 within `materialize!'
; β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ broadcast.jl:842 within `copyto!' @ broadcast.jl:886
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ broadcast.jl:869 within `preprocess'
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ broadcast.jl:872 within `preprocess_args'
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ broadcast.jl:870 within `preprocess'
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ broadcast.jl:592 within `extrude'
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ broadcast.jl:547 within `newindexer'
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ broadcast.jl:548 within `shapeindexer'
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ broadcast.jl:553 within `_newindexer'
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ operators.jl:193 within `!='
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ promotion.jl:403 within `=='
	cmpq	$1, %rdx
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β””β””β””β””β””β””β””β””β””
; β”‚β”‚β”‚ @ broadcast.jl:842 within `copyto!' @ broadcast.jl:887
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ simdloop.jl:75 within `macro expansion'
	jne	L2119
	xorl	%edx, %edx
	nop
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚ @ simdloop.jl:77 within `macro expansion' @ broadcast.jl:888
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ broadcast.jl:558 within `getindex'
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ broadcast.jl:598 within `_broadcast_getindex'
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ broadcast.jl:625 within `_broadcast_getindex_evalf'
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ float.jl:399 within `*'
L2096:
	vmulsd	(%rcx), %xmm0, %xmm1
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β””β””β””β””
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ array.jl:766 within `setindex!'
	vmovsd	%xmm1, (%rcx,%rdx,8)
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β””β””
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ int.jl:53 within `macro expansion'
	addq	$1, %rdx
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β””
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ simdloop.jl:75 within `macro expansion'
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ int.jl:49 within `<'
	cmpq	%rax, %rdx
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β””
	jb	L2096
	jmp	L2259
L2119:
	cmpq	$32, %rax
	jae	L2129
	xorl	%edx, %edx
	jmp	L2240
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚ @ simdloop.jl:75 within `macro expansion'
L2129:
	movabsq	$9223372036854775776, %rdx # imm = 0x7FFFFFFFFFFFFFE0
	andq	%rax, %rdx
	vbroadcastsd	%xmm0, %zmm1
	leaq	192(%rcx), %rsi
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚ @ simdloop.jl:78 within `macro expansion'
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ int.jl:53 within `+'
	movq	%rdx, %rdi
	nop
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β””
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚ @ simdloop.jl:77 within `macro expansion' @ broadcast.jl:888
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ broadcast.jl:558 within `getindex'
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ broadcast.jl:598 within `_broadcast_getindex'
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ broadcast.jl:625 within `_broadcast_getindex_evalf'
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ float.jl:399 within `*'
L2160:
	vmulpd	-192(%rsi), %zmm1, %zmm2
	vmulpd	-128(%rsi), %zmm1, %zmm3
	vmulpd	-64(%rsi), %zmm1, %zmm4
	vmulpd	(%rsi), %zmm1, %zmm5
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β””β””β””β””
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚ @ simdloop.jl:77 within `macro expansion' @ array.jl:766
	vmovupd	%zmm2, -192(%rsi)
	vmovupd	%zmm3, -128(%rsi)
	vmovupd	%zmm4, -64(%rsi)
	vmovupd	%zmm5, (%rsi)
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚ @ simdloop.jl:78 within `macro expansion'
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ int.jl:53 within `+'
	addq	$256, %rsi              # imm = 0x100
	addq	$-32, %rdi
	jne	L2160
; β””β””β””β””β””
; β”Œ @ int.jl within `logsumexp_sleefpirates!'
	cmpq	%rdx, %rax
; β””
; β”Œ @ simdloop.jl:75 within `logsumexp_sleefpirates!'
	je	L2259
	nopl	(%rax,%rax)
; β””
; β”Œ @ REPL[43]:12 within `logsumexp_sleefpirates!'
; β”‚β”Œ @ broadcast.jl:801 within `materialize!'
; β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ broadcast.jl:842 within `copyto!' @ broadcast.jl:887
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ simdloop.jl:77 within `macro expansion' @ broadcast.jl:888
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ broadcast.jl:558 within `getindex'
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ broadcast.jl:598 within `_broadcast_getindex'
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ broadcast.jl:625 within `_broadcast_getindex_evalf'
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ float.jl:399 within `*'
L2240:
	vmulsd	(%rcx,%rdx,8), %xmm0, %xmm1
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β””β””β””β””
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚ @ simdloop.jl:77 within `macro expansion' @ array.jl:766
	vmovsd	%xmm1, (%rcx,%rdx,8)
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚ @ simdloop.jl:78 within `macro expansion'
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ int.jl:53 within `+'
	addq	$1, %rdx
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β””
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚ @ simdloop.jl:75 within `macro expansion'
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ int.jl:49 within `<'
	cmpq	%rax, %rdx
	jb	L2240
; β”‚β””β””β””β””
L2259:
	movq	%r14, %rax
	addq	$224, %rsp
	popq	%rbx
	popq	%r14
	popq	%r15
	vzeroupper
	retq
; β”‚ @ REPL[43]:5 within `logsumexp_sleefpirates!'
; β”‚β”Œ @ simdloop.jl:71 within `macro expansion'
; β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ simdloop.jl:51 within `simd_inner_length'
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ range.jl:541 within `length'
; β”‚β”‚β”‚β”‚β”Œ @ checked.jl:166 within `checked_add'
L2278:
	movabsq	$throw_overflowerr_binaryop, %rax
	movabsq	$139757138773328, %rdi  # imm = 0x7F1BBE9C8550
	movl	$1, %edx
	callq	*%rax
	ud2
	nopw	%cs:(%rax,%rax)
; β””β””β””β””β””

SLEEFPirates is vectorized.

8 Likes
#5

Thanks for this! On my machines, I still cannot beat Yeppp on Float64, but with SLEEFPirates and LoopVectorization I get significantly closer.

julia> w = randn(Float64, N); we = similar(w);
julia> @btime logsumexp!($w,$we);
  10.358 ΞΌs (0 allocations: 0 bytes)
julia> @btime logsumexp_yeppp!($w,$we);
  1.996 ΞΌs (0 allocations: 0 bytes)
julia> @btime logsumexp_sleefpirates!($w,$we);
  3.157 ΞΌs (0 allocations: 0 bytes)
julia> @btime logsumexp_loopvec!($w,$we);
  3.575 ΞΌs (0 allocations: 0 bytes)
julia> w = randn(Float32, N); we = similar(w);
julia> @btime logsumexp!($w,$we);
  7.773 ΞΌs (0 allocations: 0 bytes)
julia> @btime logsumexp_sleefpirates!($w,$we);
  1.580 ΞΌs (0 allocations: 0 bytes)
julia> @btime logsumexp_loopvec!($w,$we);
ERROR: MethodError: no method matching vload(::Type{SVec{4,Float64}}, ::VectorizationBase.vpointer{Float32})
Closest candidates are:
#6
@generated function logsumexp_loopvectorization!(w::Vector{T},we) where T
    quote
        offset = maximum(w)
        N = length(w)
        s = zero(T)
        @vectorize $T for i = 1:N
            wl = w[i]
            wel = exp(wl-offset)
            we[i] = wel
            s += wel
        end
        w  .-= log(s) + offset
        we .*= 1/s
    end
end

@vectorize accepts a type argument, but it can’t be a symbol. Using a generated function to insert it works.

julia> @btime logsumexp_sleefpirates!($w,$we);
  1.474 ΞΌs (0 allocations: 0 bytes)

julia> @btime logsumexp_loopvectorization!($w,$we);
  1.325 ΞΌs (0 allocations: 0 bytes)

Yepp’s performance is unfortunately inconsistent across architectures. It was even slower than the totally unvectorized version on my computer.
I’m guessing it’s a precompiled binary that dispatches based on recognizing the host CPU.
Before OpenBLAS had avx512 support, it just used avx2 kernels. While slower, that’s much faster than just falling back to the most generic code!

3 Likes
#7

I should comment that the offset algorithm that you are using for logsumexp is potentially problematic β€” you can easily contrive a case where it is off by a factor of 2. In particular, try [1e-20, log(1e-20)] with your logsumexp algorithm

function f(x)
    X = maximum(x)
    return X + log(sum(exp.(x .- X)))
end

You get:

julia> x = [1e-20, log(1e-20)];

julia> f(x)                  # inaccurate!
1.0e-20

julia> Float64(f(big.(x)))   # accurate
1.9999999999999993e-20

A possible fix is to pull the maximum x term out of the sum and use the log1p function. I actually assigned this as an exam question recently, so you can see the explanation in my problem 3 solutions.

Not sure if this matters for the machine-learning application, however, since there you are adding the logsumexp to a posterior probability and so errors in tiny values like this may get rounded away in your final result.

3 Likes
[ANN] MonteCarloMeasurements.jl
#8

Thanks for the link! I had not considered it so carefully before, but will sure make use of this trick in the future.

#9

For future reference, here is my implementation

1 Like