@. adds a dot to every function call in the expression. In the case of 1.1, that includes the function ones, which isn’t what you want. We can write out what the @. is producing by hand like this:

P .= 1e-2 .* ones.(I, J) .* 1 # doesn't work

This fails because it’s trying to assign the entire output of ones (a I x J matrix) to each element of P. Or, other words, it’s trying to do:

for i in eachindex(P)
P[i] = 1e-2 * ones(I, J) * 1
end

which doesn’t work.

The $ syntax within @. means “don’t add a dot to this particular function call”, so: