Hi, I’m a little confused on what to do in this coding situation and would appreciate some help!
I’m trying to create new columns in a dataframe (D) as a linear combination of the existing columns in that dataframe, given a vector of coefficients (v).
Basically: If I have a vector of Float64 numbers, v_i, and a 20 column data frame, D, of float64 values, how can I concatenate columns to the data frame D, where I am doing an element wise multiplication:
D[:New] = v_1D_1 + v_2D_2 + v_3D_3 + … v_20D_20 ; where D_i = ith column of D
So far I have started to write the function:
for i in 1:length(v)
D[:New] += v[i]*(D[:column_names_of_D[i]])
But I am unsure how to call the D[:column_names_of_D[i]]) part…
I would collect them as a matrix and then use
matrix * vector multiplication, eg
Return columns that start with `prefix` as a matrix.
function cols2matrix(df::DataFrame, prefix)
matching_names = sort(filter(name -> startswith(String(name), String(prefix)),
# make a dataframe
df = DataFrame(v_1 = randn(10), v_2 = randn(10), v_3 = randn(10))
M = cols2matrix(df, "v_")
M * [1, 2, 3]
But I would suggest that storing this kind of data in a matrix may be best in the first place.
Just a note about the
Matrix() works just find on DataFrames and is probably more idiomatic.
I also am gonna work on a package that overloads some useful string commands, or writes wrappers for them, for common string operations that would be used on the names of dataframes columns.
Excellent idea, as it allows more modular code:
colnames_with_prefix(df::DataFrame, prefix) =
sort(filter(name -> startswith(String(name), String(prefix)), names(df)))
df = DataFrame(v_1 = randn(10), v_2 = randn(10), v_3 = randn(10),
a = rand(1:20, 10))
Matrix(df[colnames_with_prefix(df, :v_)]) * [1, 2, 3]