Plotting 3D bar graph


#1

Hello, is there anyway i can plot a 3D bar graph with using StatPlots?

Like this one:

3dbar

In this case, i got a 17x25 matrix.

If thats not possible, wich package can do it?


#2

I just sketched out a recipe for this in Makie:

# installation
# Pkg.add("Makie")
# Pkg.checkout("AbstractPlotting")
# Pkg.checkout("Makie")

using Makie
data = rand(10, 10)

# TODO turn this into a 3d bar plot recipe
scene = meshscatter(
    0..1, 0..1, fill(0, 10, 10),
    # there is a problem with the limits for z position == fill(0, xdim, ydim)
    # so we need to pass the limits seperately (meshscatter ignores the markersize, so it seems to Makie as if the plot is 2D)
    limits = Rect3D(Vec3f0(-0.2, -0.2, 0.0), Vec3f0(1.4)),
    marker = Rect3D(Vec3f0(-0.5, -0.5, 0), Vec3f0(1)),
    markersize = Vec3f0.(0.05, 0.05, vec(data)),
    # the default light yields a pretty bad lighting of the bars
    light = Vec3f0[(1.0, 1.0, 1.0), (0.1, 0.1, 0.1), (0.9, 0.9, 0.9), (0.0, 5.0, 10.0)],
    # either a single color
    # color = :skyblue2
    # or just pass the values you want to have colored to `color` and a colormap will be used
    color = vec(data)
)


#3

Hello, thanks for your reply. But i’m getting a lot of errors, wich i have no idea how to fix.

I did all the installation process, but when i run my code, i get these errors:

WARNING: Method definition set_theme!() in module AbstractPlotting at C:\Users\Muril\.julia\v0.6\Abs
tractPlotting\src\scenes.jl:229 overwritten at C:\Users\Muril\.julia\v0.6\AbstractPlotting\src\scene
s.jl:234.
WARNING: --output requested, but no modules defined during run
WARNING: The call to compilecache failed to create a usable precompiled cache file for module FFTW.
Got:
WARNING: Cache file "C:\Users\Muril\.julia\lib\v0.6\FFTW.ji" not found.
WARNING: eval from module Main to ImageCore:
Expr(:call, Expr(:., :Base, :include_from_node1)::Any, "C:\Users\Muril\.julia\v0.6\FFTW\src\FFTW.jl"
)::Any
  ** incremental compilation may be broken for this module **

WARNING: could not import AbstractPlotting.arguments into Makie
WARNING: could not import AbstractPlotting.onpick into Makie
WARNING: could not import AbstractPlotting.pick into Makie
ERROR: LoadError: could not open file C:\Users\Muril\.julia\v0.6\GLFW\src\../deps/deps.jl
Stacktrace:
 [1] include_from_node1(::String) at .\loading.jl:576
 [2] include(::String) at .\sysimg.jl:14
 [3] include_from_node1(::String) at .\loading.jl:576
 [4] include(::String) at .\sysimg.jl:14
 [5] anonymous at .\<missing>:2
while loading C:\Users\Muril\.julia\v0.6\GLFW\src\GLFW.jl, in expression starting on line 6
ERROR: LoadError: LoadError: Failed to precompile GLFW to C:\Users\Muril\.julia\lib\v0.6\GLFW.ji.
Stacktrace:
 [1] compilecache(::String) at .\loading.jl:710
 [2] _require(::Symbol) at .\loading.jl:463
 [3] require(::Symbol) at .\loading.jl:405
 [4] include_from_node1(::String) at .\loading.jl:576
 [5] include(::String) at .\sysimg.jl:14
 [6] include_from_node1(::String) at .\loading.jl:576
 [7] include(::String) at .\sysimg.jl:14
 [8] anonymous at .\<missing>:2
while loading C:\Users\Muril\.julia\v0.6\Makie\src\glbackend/glbackend.jl, in expression starting on
 line 1
while loading C:\Users\Muril\.julia\v0.6\Makie\src\Makie.jl, in expression starting on line 71
ERROR: LoadError: Failed to precompile Makie to C:\Users\Muril\.julia\lib\v0.6\Makie.ji.
Stacktrace:
 [1] compilecache(::String) at .\loading.jl:710
 [2] _require(::Symbol) at .\loading.jl:497
 [3] require(::Symbol) at .\loading.jl:405
 [4] include_string(::String, ::String) at .\loading.jl:522
 [5] include_string(::Module, ::String, ::String) at C:\Users\Muril\.julia\v0.6\Compat\src\Compat.jl
 [1] compilecache(::String) at .\loading.jl:710
 [2] _require(::Symbol) at .\loading.jl:463
 [3] require(::Symbol) at .\loading.jl:405
 [4] include_from_node1(::String) at .\loading.jl:576
 [5] include(::String) at .\sysimg.jl:14
 [6] include_from_node1(::String) at .\loading.jl:576
 [7] include(::String) at .\sysimg.jl:14
 [8] anonymous at .\<missing>:2
while loading C:\Users\Muril\.julia\v0.6\Makie\src\glbackend/glbackend.jl, in expression starting on line 1
while loading C:\Users\Muril\.julia\v0.6\Makie\src\Makie.jl, in expression starting on line 71
ERROR: LoadError: Failed to precompile Makie to C:\Users\Muril\.julia\lib\v0.6\Makie.ji.
Stacktrace:
 [1] compilecache(::String) at .\loading.jl:710
 [2] _require(::Symbol) at .\loading.jl:497
 [3] require(::Symbol) at .\loading.jl:405
 [4] include_string(::String, ::String) at .\loading.jl:522
 [5] include_string(::Module, ::String, ::String) at C:\Users\Muril\.julia\v0.6\Compat\src\Compat.jl:88
 [6] (::Atom.##112#116{String,String})() at C:\Users\Muril\.julia\v0.6\Atom\src\eval.jl:109
 [7] withpath(::Atom.##112#116{String,String}, ::String) at C:\Users\Muril\.julia\v0.6\CodeTools\src\utils.jl:30
 [8] withpath(::Function, ::String) at C:\Users\Muril\.julia\v0.6\Atom\src\eval.jl:38
 [9] hideprompt(::Atom.##111#115{String,String}) at C:\Users\Muril\.julia\v0.6\Atom\src\repl.jl:67
 [10] macro expansion at C:\Users\Muril\.julia\v0.6\Atom\src\eval.jl:106 [inlined]
 [11] (::Atom.##110#114{Dict{String,Any}})() at .\task.jl:80
while loading C:\Users\Muril\AppData\Local\atom\app-1.28.0\Arquivos Feitos\dsadasdsa.jl, in expression starting on line 2

#4

GLFW didn’t build!

Have a look at:

Although it seems like you’re on windows. Did you see any messages about downloading problems?


#5

Ok, i did the Pkg.build("GLFW") command, and my code is running with these warnings:

WARNING: using Makie.AbstractPlotting in module Main conflicts with an existing identifier.
WARNING: using Makie.Contour in module Main conflicts with an existing identifier.

But i can’t see the graphic anywhere.

I’m used to see my graphics at the Plots Tab (i’m using Atom). Should i put display() somewhere in this recipe of yours?

And no, i didn’t saw any messages about download problems.


#6

display(scene) or just eval scene in atom and a window should pop up… i disabled the plot pane for now, since it just annoys me a lot, and i was waiting for a nice way to turn the plot pane on and off in atom :wink:


#7

Hello sdanisch,

Could you please help me scale my graphic using this recipe of yours?

Here’s my code:

using Makie
Nt = 17;
hmax = 25;

DHIv = [1 0         0         0    0.2159         0    0.0711         0         0           0    0.0508         0    0.0363         0         0         0    0.0366         0     0.0302         0         0         0    0.0072         0    0.0132  
        1 0         0         0    4.1856         0    1.3776         0         0           0    0.9857         0    0.7046         0         0         0    0.7106         0     0.5852         0         0         0    0.1392         0    0.2558
        1 0         0         0    4.2702         0    1.3781         0         0           0    1.0913         0    0.7582         0         0         0    0.7024         0     0.5250         0         0         0    0.2040         0    0.3389
        1 0         0         0    4.3953         0    1.3816         0         0           0    1.2441         0    0.8097         0         0         0    0.6067         0     0.4018         0         0         0    0.2920         0    0.4126
        1 0         0         0    4.4176         0    1.3820         0         0           0    1.2683         0    0.8083         0         0         0    0.5635         0     0.3793         0         0         0    0.2990         0    0.4035
        1 0         0         0    4.5260         0    1.4505         0         0           0    1.3405         0    0.6766         0         0         0    0.2434         0     0.6763         0         0         0    0.2305         0    0.1229
        1 0         0         0    4.5373         0    1.4579         0         0           0    1.3584         0    0.6898         0         0         0    0.2522         0     0.7090         0         0         0    0.2496         0    0.1362
        1 0         0         0    4.5985         0    1.4977         0         0           0    1.4552         0    0.7606         0         0         0    0.3001         0     0.8856         0         0         0    0.3527         0    0.2081
        1 0         0         0    4.5984         0    1.4976         0         0           0    1.4550         0    0.7604         0         0         0    0.3000         0     0.8852         0         0         0    0.3524         0    0.2079
        1 0         0         0    4.2701         0    1.3781         0         0           0    1.0913         0    0.7582         0         0         0    0.7024         0     0.5250         0         0         0    0.2040         0    0.3389
        1 0         0         0    5.0225         0    2.0788         0         0           0    0.5666         0    0.5525         0         0         0    1.0558         0     1.4817         0         0         0    0.3798         0    0.3032
        1 0         0         0    5.4317         0    2.5101         0         0           0    0.3696         0    0.3863         0         0         0    0.9775         0     1.5363         0         0         0    0.4719         0    0.4416
        1 0         0         0    5.4316         0    2.5099         0         0           0    0.3695         0    0.3862         0         0         0    0.9771         0     1.5356         0         0         0    0.4716         0    0.4413
        1 0         0         0    6.4206         0    3.6934         0         0           0    1.0623         0    0.4425         0         0         0    0.2155         0     0.1719         0         0         0    0.0357         0    0.0195
        1 0         0         0    6.6974         0    4.0261         0         0           0    1.3388         0    0.6224         0         0         0    0.4267         0     0.4496         0         0         0    0.3270         0    0.1880
        1 0         0         0    6.8614         0    4.2373         0         0           0    1.5617         0    0.7987         0         0         0    0.8440         0     1.1716         0         0         0    0.0770         0    0.0272
        1 0         0         0    6.8614         0    4.2373         0         0           0    1.5617         0    0.7987         0         0         0    0.8440         0     1.1716         0         0         0    0.0770         0    0.0272]
# turn this into a 3d bar plot recipe
scene = meshscatter(
    0..2, 0..2, fill(0, hmax, Nt),
    # there is a problem with the limits for z position == fill(0, xdim, ydim)
    # so we need to pass the limits seperately (meshscatter ignores the markersize, so it seems to Makie as if the plot is 2D)
    #limits = Rect3D(Vec3f0(-0.2, -0.2, 0.0), Vec3f0(1.4)),
    #marker = Rect3D(Vec3f0(-0.5, -0.5, 0), Vec3f0(1)),
    #markersize = Vec3f0.(0.05, 0.05, vec(DHIv)),
    limits = Rect3D(Vec3f0(0,0,0), Vec3f0(hmax,Nt,7)),
    marker = Rect3D(Vec3f0(-0.2, -0.2, 0), Vec3f0(1)),
    markersize = Vec3f0.(0.05, 0.05, vec(DHIv)),
    # the default light yields a pretty bad lighting of the bars
    light = Vec3f0[(1.0, 1.0, 1.0), (0.1, 0.1, 0.1), (0.9, 0.9, 0.9), (0.0, 5.0, 10.0)],
    # either a single color
    # color = :skyblue2
    # or just pass the values you want to have colored to `color` and a colormap will be used
    color = vec(DHIv)
)
display(scene)

I’ve been trying to scale it, changing those parameters, but couldn’t do it. I really don’t understand how those functions (meshscatter, fill, etc) works.

I’ve been trying to make it appear something like the graphic i posted at the start of the topic. So i provided you the 17x25 data matrix, DHIv, of that graphic.

And one last question, how can i change the labels of the x,y and z-axis? And put a title in the graphic?


#8

Hi sdanisch
I fail to build ImageMagick
but I try to install it, it can work