Neovim + LanguageServer.jl

With conversation from @fredrikekre and @jvaverka, here is an updated version that works with Julia 1.8 and a Packer configuration. Please note that Fredrik is still the principal author and creator of this process - I just added some clarification on the process I took, made some steps more explicit, and made note of some issues I ran into:

  1. Install Mason.nvim or nvim-lspconfig and use them to install julials (it may also be called something like Julia Language Server Protocol).

  2. Modify init.vim or init.lua to use a custom Julia executable (if it exists):

    on_new_config = function(new_config, _)
        local julia = vim.fn.expand("~/.julia/environments/nvim-lspconfig/bin/julia")
        if require'lspconfig'.util.path.is_file(julia) then
            new_config.cmd[1] = julia

(OPTIONAL) If you use Packer to manage your vim setup, run PackerCompile at this stage.

NOTE: If you notice, there is a small line named vim.notify("Hello!"). This is to test that julials is engaged when accessing a Julia file - you can check that it is engaged by writing :messages in vim. You should see “Hello!” appear. This line can then safely be removed.

  1. Create the nvim-lspconfig Julia environment by running the following in your shell:
julia --project=~/.julia/environments/nvim-lspconfig -e 'using Pkg; Pkg.add("LanguageServer")'

And then navigate to the directory at ~.julia/environment/nvim-lspconfig.

  1. Copy the following makefile (courtesy of Fredrik Ekre) to the nvim-lspconfig directory with the name makefile:
# MIT License. Copyright (c) 2021 Fredrik Ekre
# This Makefile can be used to build a custom Julia system image for LanguageServer.jl to
# use with neovims built in LSP support. An up-to date version of this Makefile can be found
# at
# Usage instructions:
#   1. Update the neovim configuration to use a custom julia executable. If you use
#      nvim-lspconfig (recommended) you can modify the setup call to the following:
#          require("lspconfig").julials.setup({
#              on_new_config = function(new_config, _)
#                  local julia = vim.fn.expand("~/.julia/environments/nvim-lspconfig/bin/julia")
#                  if require("lspconfig").util.path.is_file(julia) then
#                      new_config.cmd[1] = julia
#                  end
#              end,
#              -- ...
#          })
#   2. Place this Makefile in ~/.julia/environments/nvim-lspconfig (create the directory if
#      it doesn't already exist).
#   3. Change directory to ~/.julia/environments/nvim-lspconfig and run `make`. This will
#      start up neovim in a custom project with a julia process that recods compiler
#      statements. Follow the instructions in the opened source file, and then exit neovim.
#   4. Upon exiting neovim PackageCompiler.jl will compile a custom system image which will
#      automatically be used whenever you work on Julia projects in neovim.
# Update instructions:
#  To update the system image (e.g. when upgrading Julia or upgrading LanguageServer.jl or
#  it's dependencies) run the following commands from the
#  ~/.julia/environments/nvim-lspconfig directory:
#      julia --project=. -e 'using Pkg; Pkg.update()'
#      make

JULIA=$(shell which julia)
SRCDIR:=$(shell dirname $(abspath $(firstword $(MAKEFILE_LIST))))
ifeq ($(shell uname -s),Linux)

default: $(SYSIMAGE)

$(SYSIMAGE): Manifest.toml packagecompiler/Manifest.toml packagecompiler/precompile_statements.jl
	JULIA_LOAD_PATH=${PWD}:${PWD}/packagecompiler:@stdlib ${JULIA} -e 'using PackageCompiler; PackageCompiler.create_sysimage(:LanguageServer, sysimage_path="$(SYSIMAGE)", precompile_statements_file="packagecompiler/precompile_statements.jl")'

Manifest.toml: Project.toml
	JULIA_LOAD_PATH=${PWD}/Project.toml:@stdlib ${JULIA} -e 'using Pkg; Pkg.instantiate()'

	JULIA_LOAD_PATH=${PWD}/Project.toml:@stdlib ${JULIA} -e 'using Pkg; Pkg.add("LanguageServer")'

packagecompiler/Manifest.toml: packagecompiler/Project.toml
	JULIA_LOAD_PATH=${PWD}/packagecompiler/Project.toml:@stdlib ${JULIA} -e 'using Pkg; Pkg.instantiate()'

	mkdir -p packagecompiler
	JULIA_LOAD_PATH=${PWD}/packagecompiler/Project.toml:@stdlib ${JULIA} -e 'using Pkg; Pkg.add("PackageCompiler")'

packagecompiler/precompile_statements.jl: Manifest.toml bin/julia
	TMPDIR=$(shell mktemp -d) && \
	cd $${TMPDIR} && \
	JULIA_LOAD_PATH=: ${JULIA} -e 'using Pkg; Pkg.generate("Example")' 2> /dev/null && \
	cd Example && \
	JULIA_LOAD_PATH=$${PWD}:@stdlib ${JULIA} -e 'using Pkg; Pkg.add(["JSON", "fzf_jll", "Random", "Zlib_jll"])' 2> /dev/null && \
	JULIA_LOAD_PATH=$${PWD}:@stdlib ${JULIA} -e 'using Pkg; Pkg.precompile()' 2> /dev/null && \
	echo "$$PACKAGE_CONTENT" > src/Example.jl && \
	JULIA_TRACE_COMPILE=1 nvim src/Example.jl && \ # NOTE: You may need to check that neovim is correctly on your path
	rm -rf $${TMPDIR}

	mkdir -p bin
	echo "$$JULIA_SHIM" > $@
	chmod +x $@

	rm -rf $(SYSIMAGE) packagecompiler bin

.PHONY: clean default

if [[ $${JULIA_TRACE_COMPILE} = "1" ]]; then
    exec $${JULIA} --trace-compile=${PWD}/packagecompiler/precompile_statements.jl "$$@"
elif [[ -f ${PWD}/$(SYSIMAGE) ]]; then
    exec $${JULIA} --sysimage=${PWD}/$(SYSIMAGE) "$$@"
    exec $${JULIA} "$$@"

# This file is opened in neovim with a LanguageServer.jl process that records Julia
# compilation statements for creating a custom sysimage.
# This file has a bunch of linter errors which will exercise the linter and record
# statements for that. When the diagnostic messages corresponding to those errors show up in
# the buffer the language server should be ready to accept other commands (note: this may
# take a while -- be patient). Here are some suggestions for various LSP functionality that
# can be exercised (your regular keybindings should work):
#  - :lua vim.lsp.buf.hover()
#  - :lua vim.lsp.buf.definition()
#  - :lua vim.lsp.buf.references()
#  - :lua vim.lsp.buf.rename()
#  - :lua vim.lsp.buf.formatting()
#  - :lua vim.lsp.buf.formatting_sync()
#  - :lua vim.lsp.buf.code_action()
#  - Tab completion (if you have set this up using LSP)
#  - ...
# When you are finished, simply exit neovim and PackageCompiler.jl will use all the recorded
# statements to create a custom sysimage. This sysimage will be used for the language server
# process in the future, and should result in almost instant response.

module Example

import JSON
import fzf_jll
using Random
using Zlib_jll

function hello(who, notused)
    println("hello", who)
    shuffle([1, 2, 3])
   shoffle([1, 2, 3])
    fzzf = fzf_jll.fzzf()
    fzf = fzf_jll.fzf(1)
    JSON.print(stdout, Dict("hello" => [1, 2, 3]), 2, 123)
    JSON.print(stdout, Dict("hello" => [1, 2, 3]))
    return Zlib_jll.libz

function world(s)
    if s == nothing
    x = [1, 2, 3]
    for i in 1:length(x)

end # module
  1. Run make. This will set up a dummy project and launch nvim with julia recording everything that is compiled. Wait until the LanguageServer responds (there are a bunch of things in this dummy project that will result in warnings) and then run some LanguageServer commands, for example ::lua vim.lsp.buf.hover() to fetch documentation).

  2. Quit vim.

  3. PackageCompiler will now build a custom sysimage.

  4. Enjoy the Julia LSP!