[ANN] SF36.jl - SF36V1 scoring

SF36.jl is a simple instrument for SF36V1 scoring.

What is SF36V1 scoring used for?

The Short Form (36) Health Survey is a 36-item, patient-reported survey of patient health. The SF-36 is a measure of health status and an abbreviated variant of it, the SF-6D, is commonly used in health economics as a variable in the quality-adjusted life year calculation to determine the cost-effectiveness of a health treatment. The original SF-36 stemmed from the Medical Outcome Study, MOS, which was conducted by the RAND Corporation. SF36 Version 1 - is a free instrument.

36-Item Short Form Survey (SF-36) Scoring Instructions

Terms and Conditions for Using the 36-Item Short Form Survey (SF-36):

RAND hereby grants permission to use RAND 36-Item Short Form Health Survey in accordance with the following conditions, which shall be assumed by all to have been agreed to as a consequence of accepting and using this document:

Changes to the Health Survey may be made without the written permission of RAND. However, all such changes shall be clearly identified as having been made by the recipient.
The user of this Health Survey accepts full responsibility, and agrees to indemnify and hold RAND harmless, for the accuracy of any translations of the Health Survey into another language and for any errors, omissions, misinterpretations, or consequences thereof.
The user of this Health Survey accepts full responsibility, and agrees to indemnify and hold RAND harmless, for any consequences resulting from the use of the Health Survey.
The user of the 36-Item Health Survey will provide a credit line when printing and distributing this document acknowledging that it was developed at RAND as part of the Medical Outcomes Study.
No further written permission is needed for use of this Health Survey.


New version: SF12 scoring included.

The 12-item Short Form Survey (SF-12) is a general health questionnaire that was first published in 1995 as part of the Medical Outcomes Study (MOS). The SF-12 was constructed using questions drawn from each of the 8 dimensions of the MOS 36 item Short Form Survey (SF-36). It is designed to have similar performance to the SF-36, while taking less time to complete.

Two summary scores are reported from the SF-12 – a mental component score (MCS-12) and a physical component score (PCS-12). The scores may be reported as Z-scores (difference compared to the population average, measured in standard deviations). The United States population average PCS-12 and MCS-12 are both 50 points. The United States population standard deviation is 10 points. So each 10 increment of 10 points above or below 50, corresponds to one standard deviation away from the average.

The version shown here corresponds to the SF-12 version 1.0. This version of the SF-12 is non-proprietary, and the scores calculated are in reference to the United States population profile at the time of the original publication in 1994. Subsequent updates to the SF-12 have been made that align the scores with more recent U.S. demographics. However, these updates are proprietary, unlike the original SF-12. Although differences in scores between different scoring systems for the sf-12 may be minor, clinicians and researchers should note the version of the SF-12 they are using.

(from: Free Online SF-12 Score Calculator - OrthoToolKit)


Ware Jr, John E., Mark Kosinski, and Susan D. Keller. β€œA 12-Item Short-Form Health Survey: construction of scales and preliminary tests of reliability and validity.” Medical care 34.3 (1996): 220-233.Validation Literature:

Gandek, Barbara, et al. β€œCross-validation of item selection and scoring for the SF-12 Health Survey in nine countries: results from the IQOLA Project.” Journal of clinical epidemiology51.11 (1998): 1171-1178.
Jenkinson, Crispin, et al. β€œA shorter form health survey: can the SF-12 replicate results from the SF-36 in longitudinal studies?.” Journal of Public Health 19.2 (1997): 179-186.Additional Literature:

Ware, John E., Susan D. Keller, and Mark Kosinski. SF-12: How to score the SF-12 physical and mental health summary scales. Health Institute, New England Medical Center, 1995.

Renamed to SF36HealthSurvey.jl and soon will be available in JuliaRegistries.